In recent years, the scale and pace of new clinical trials and observational studies in resuscitation science has grown rapidly. This prompted ILCOR to review its approach to evidence synthesis and to transition from a 5-yearly Consensus on Science with Treatment Recommendations (CoSTR) to more regular updates. The first update was published in November 2017.
The European Resuscitation Council (ERC) will maintain a five-yearly cycle for routine updates to its guidelines. Compelling data which challenge the current guidelines will be identified for high priority implementation.
CoSTR 2017 focuses on the relationship between chest compression and ventilation during CPR. For the purposes of teaching the Emergency First Response lay responder courses, nothing has changed; all CPR providers should perform chest compressions for all patients in cardiac arrest. CPR providers trained and able to perform rescue breaths should perform chest compressions and rescue breaths.
For a comprehensive list of all Emergency First Response course standards updates since First Quarter 2016, you may download the Article Excerpts.